Passage Reading and English Comprehension
(a) A suggestion is made and arguments in its favor are provided.
(b) A criticism is levied and an alternative proposal is suggested.
(c) A generalization is advanced and supporting evidence is provided.
(d) An example is analyzed and general conclusions are derived from it.
48. It can be inferred from the passage that the author was unable to assess the truth of which of the following statements about opaque-2 maize?
(a) It is a more recent innovation than the use of fish-protein concentrate.
(b) It can be stored as easily as other varieties of maize.
(c) It is more susceptible to insects than are other varieties of maize.
(d) It is more popular than the wheat-rye hybrid triticale.
49. The passage mentions all of the following as factors important to the success of a new food crop EXCEPT the
(a) practicality of storage of the crop
(b) security of the crop yield
(c) quality of the crop’s protein
(d) cultural acceptability of the crop
50. According to the passage, the use of Antarctic krill as a food is an innovation whose future is
(a) basically gloomy but still uncertain
(b) somewhat promising but very tentative
(c) generally bright and virtually assured
(d) tied to the success of opaque-2 maize
51. The author suggests that, in most developing countries, extensive government intervention accompanying the introduction of a food innovation will
(a) usually be sufficient to guarantee the financial success of the innovation
(b) be necessary to ensure that the benefits of the innovation will be spread throughout the society
(c) provide the incentive necessary to convince landowners to try the innovation
(d) generally cost the country more than will be earned by the innovation
52. It can be inferred from the passage that the author would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements concerning the solution to food shortages in developing countries?
(a) The introduction of technological innovations to reap profits might alleviate food shortages to some degree, but any permanent solution can come only from effective governmental intervention in the socioeconomic system.
(b) Innovations in agricultural technology will be of little help, and perhaps even harmful, in combating food shortages, no matter how well designed they are to suit local circumstances.
(c) Long-lasting solutions will not be found until large landowners adopt improvements that will make production more efficient and thus more profitable.
(d) In order to achieve a meaningful solution to the problem of food shortages, the tastes of the general population must be educated to accept the new food products of modern agricultural technology.
53. The first paragraph of the passage best supports which of the following statements?
(a) Too much publicity can harm the chances for the success of a new food innovation.
(b) Innovations that produce culturally acceptable crops will generally be successful.
(c) A food-product innovation can be technically feasible and still not be economically viable.
(d) It is difficult to decide whether a food-product innovation has actually been a success.
54. The author provides a sustained argument to support which of the following assertions?
(a) Profitability is neither necessary nor sufficient for a new technology to be adopted
(b) Profitability is the key factor guiding technological change.
(c) Economic factors and governmental policies strongly influence the ultimate success of any innovation.
(d) Opaque-2 maize is of limited benefit to poor families in developing countries.
55. The primary purpose of the passage is to discuss the
(a) means of assessing the extent of the world food shortage
(b) difficulties of applying technological solutions to the problem of food shortages
(c) costs of introducing a new food technology into a developing country
(d) Anglo-American bias of those trying to alleviate world food problems
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