Passage Reading and English Comprehension
(a) present the major steps of a process
(b) clarify an ambiguity
(c) chronicle a dispute
(d) correct misconceptions
155. The author suggests that if the observers of Japan were correct, which of the following would be the case?
(a) The production levels of Japanese-run plants located in the United States would be equal to those of plants run by United States companies.
(b) The equipment used in Japanese automobile plants would be different from the equipment used in United States plants.
(c) Japanese workers would be trained to do several different production jobs.
(d) Culture would not have an influence on the productivity levels of workers.
156. Which of the following statements concerning the productivity levels of automakers can be inferred from the passage?
(a) Prior to the 1960ís, the productivity levels of the top Japanese automakers were exceeded by those of United States automakers.
(b) The culture of a country has a large effect on the productivity levels of its automakers.
(c) During the late 1970ís and early 1980ís, productivity levels were comparable in Japan and the United States
(d) The greater the number of cars that are produced in a single lot, the higher a plantís productivity level.
157. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true of Japanese automobile workers?
(a) Their productivity levels did not equal those of United States automobile workers until the late seventies.
(b) Their high efficiency levels are a direct result of cultural influences.
(c) They operate component-specific machinery.
(d) They are trained to do more than one job.
158. Which of the following best describes the organization of the first paragraph?
(a) A thesis is presented and supporting examples are provided.
(b) Opposing views are presented, classified, and then reconciled.
(c) A fact is stated, and an explanation is advanced and then refuted.
(d) A theory is proposed, considered, and then amended.
159. It can be inferred from the passage that one problem associated with the production of huge lots of cars is which of the following?
(a) The need to manufacture flexible machinery and equipment
(b) The need to store extra components not required for immediate use
(c) The need for expensive training programs for workers, which emphasize the development of facility in several production jobs
(d) The need to alter conventional mass-production processes
160. Which of the following statements is supported by information stated in the passage?
(a) Japanese and United States automakers differ in their approach to production processes.
(b) Japanese automakers have perfected the use of single-function equipment.
(c) Japanese automakers invest more capital per employee than do United States automakers.
(d) United States-owned factories abroad have higher production levels than do Japanese owned plants in the United States.
161. With which of the following predictive statement regarding Japanese automakers would the author most likely agree?
(a) The efficiency levels of the Japanese automakers will decline if they become less flexible in their approach to production.
(b) Japanese automakers productivity levels double during the late 1990ís.
(c) United States automakers will originate new production processes before Japanese automakers do.
(d) Japanese automakers will hire fewer workers than will United States automakers because each worker is required to perform several jobs.
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