Passage Reading and English Comprehension
(a) explain why military veterans are more likely than civilians to develop PTSD
(b) persuade government officials to increase funding for PTSD treatment centers in non-urban areas
(c) denounce the United States military for the way they have handled veterans’ mental health problems
(d) educate readers about the problem of insufficient treatment available for female veterans with PTSD
1554. According to the passage, all of the following are reasons why females develop PTSD more frequently than males except
(a) women experience lower unit cohesion than men
(b) women can face negative stereotypes in the military
(c) women are more likely than men to suffer from depression
(d) males in the military greatly outnumber females
1555. As used in paragraph 2, which is the best antonym for paucity?
1556. Based on information in the passage, it can be inferred that negative stereotypes about women in the military contribute to their increased likelihood to develop PTSD in which of the following ways?
I. Some male members of the armed forces subscribe to negative stereotypes about women; this
prejudice may prevent women from forming close bonds with their units
II. Women may be less likely than men to admit to suffering from PTSD because they do not want to conform to stereotypes that portray women as weak
III. Women are aware of the negative stereotypes that pervade the military. This awareness may lead to a reduction in self-esteem
(a) l only
(b) II only
(c) I and II only
(d) II and III only
1557. Based on information in the passage, which of the following statements best reflects the author’s opinion about the mental health care provided for female veterans?
(a) Although the VA has not done nearly enough, state and independent agencies have made up for government deficiencies
(b) The government has done almost nothing to help; the way we treat our female veterans is a national disgrace
(c) Because service women are more likely than service men to develop PTSD, mental health care has been better for female veterans
(d) The amount of care provided has improved over the past few years, but it is still insufficient
1558. Which of the following pieces of evidence, if true, would best strengthen the author’s argument in paragraph 5?
(a) Since 2001, when operations in Iraq and Afghanistan began, more than 230,000 women have served in the United States Military
(b) Studies have shown that those who receive therapy for PTSD are less likely to commit suicide and develop substance abuse problems
(c) Women are 50% more likely to experience sexual assault while deployed than men
(d) Although experts now argue that intensive cognitive therapy is more effective at treating wartime PTSD than prescription drugs, most mental health professionals are trained only to offer pharmaceutical solutions for PTSD
1559. In paragraph 5, the author writes: “Access to mental health professionals who have been specially trained to treat wartime PTSD is often difficult for those not living near major urban centers.” Which of the following conjunctions, used at the beginning of this sentence, would best clarify the sentence’s role in the paragraph?
1560. Based on information in the passage, it can be inferred that the author is most likely someone who
(a) does not believe women should be allowed to serve in the military
(b) is a mental health care professional
(c) has conducted studies on PTSD among veterans
(d) believes that advocating for others can lead to change
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