Passage Reading and English Comprehension
(a) Present a piece of research on Native Americans as a model for other researchers to emulate
(b) Describe some of the background, methods, and results of a study of Native Americans' self-regard
(c) Analyze the efficacy of advisory boards in social science research
(d) Contrast the questionnaire method in social science with the method of open-ended interviews
1844. According to the passage, hostility toward social scientists in some Native American communities resulted from the communities' perception that
(a) Many of the social scientists focused unduly on negative aspects of community life
(b) None of the social scientists employed local residents as interviewers
(c) None of the social scientists used questionnaires sufficiently sensitive to those Communities' distinctive cultural backgrounds
(d) The social scientists carried out their studies for their own professional benefit only.
1845. The author of the passage views the fact that some Native American communities perceived social scientists as "predatory" with
1846. It can be inferred from the passage that those designing the study wished to ensure that
(a) The identity of those completing open-ended interviews was made publicly known in advance
(b) No respondents were selected from communities known to have been hostile to social scientists
(c) Data collection was carried out by interviewers thoroughly versed in sociological theory
(d) The confidentiality of any information gained would be protected to the respondents' satisfaction.
1847. The author's purpose in the passage is most probably to make more accessible to the public
(a) Certain innovative ideas of a group of Native American professionals
(b) A fundamental critique of all of social science research
(c) A well-supported corrective to a body of questionable assertions
(d) The optimistic projections made by the Native American advisory board
1848. The wording of the research task formulated by the group of Native American professionals as quoted in the last sentence of the second paragraph suggests that
(a) There had been no previous research on the self-image of Native Americans conducted by Native Americans
(b) Reports about the self-image of Native Americans had been difficult to reconcile with one another.
(c) The group of Native American professionals had commissioned the survey paper by Trimble and Medicine
(d) Research into the self-image of Native Americans was intended to be preliminary to a larger research program
1849. The author of the passage ascribes to which of the following a particularly important role in the design of the study?
(a) Sociologists Trimble and Medicine
(b) Local residents serving as interviewers
(c) The Native American advisory board
(d) The group of Native American professionals challenging the previous studies
1850. The passage suggests that the researchers conducting the study would be most likely to agree with which of the following principles?
(a) Social science research should carefully balance studies of negative aaspects of society with studies of positive aspects
(b) Social science research on ethnic and/or racial groups should be carried out by researchers who themselves belong to the groups studied
(c) Social scientists should adopt a general policy of reimbursing their respondents for the time spent on questionnaires and/or interviews
(d) Social scientists should make their research results available in a form readily accessible to the group or groups they have studied
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