(a) It ignores the fact that millions of young children never have common allergies
(b) It assumes that the children living in musty houses are less susceptible to irritants that encourage allergies
(c) It overlooks the possibility that some children from musty old homes do succumb to breathing difficulties
(d) It implies that the occurrence of eczema, wheezing and common allergies is causally related to sanitized homes
324. Some constrictor species of snake are highly fecund, that is, they are capable of producing up to 100 hatchlings in one nest. All of these highly fecund snakes prey on native birds. Constrictors captured recently contained remains of small birds in their stomachs. Hence, it follows that this constrictor species is one that is highly fecund.
Which one of the following best identifies the flaw in the above reasoning?
(a) It assumes that native birds are the only prey of the constrictors captured recently
(b) It concludes without basis that a snake is not fecund if it does not produce up to 100 hatchlings at a time
(c) It mistakenly assumes that the hatchlings of the constrictor species that prey on native birds will, in turn, also prey on native birds
(d) It surmises that no other constrictor species prey on native birds
325. When a devastating earthquake hit Haiti in 2010 and United Nations aid workers returned from a three-month stint in the Haitian capital Port au Prince, they reported on the recuperation efforts but omitted any mention of the fact that Haiti's system of using children as indentured servants is still maintained. The omission cannot simply be the result of ignorance regarding restavek. This tradition is not even mentioned in the official U.N. aid report on Haiti written by the chair of the aid committee UNAID at the end of the committee's tour of duty. The omission therefore has to have a psychological cause.
Which one of the following, if true, most strengthens the above argument?
(a) The tradition of restavek would not have been openly demonstrated by native Haitians in front of the United Nations aid workers who were sure to disapprove
(b) The chair of UNAID considered evidence regarding the ongoing practice of restavek irrelevant in a report to the UN on the earthquake disaster relief effort
(c) Using children as indentured servants is a tradition that is maintained today mostly in Haiti's urban areas where workers are most needed
(d) The chair shared a tent with an aid worker who had been given a restavek, a child servant, as a gift by a Haitian family, in gratitude for the assistance they received
326. It would cost Hamilton Inc. two million dollars to stop the leakage of minute amounts of dangerous chemicals into its plant. In the year after completion of those repairs, however, Hamilton Inc. would thereby avoid incurring three million dollars worth of damages, since currently Hamilton Inc. pays that amount annually in compensation for health problems said to be caused by the chemical fumes. Which of the following, if true, gives the strongest support to the argument above?
(a) Companies similar to Hamilton Inc. also pay compensation for health damages caused by fumes
(b) After leaky Hamilton Inc. equipment has been repaired, several years will elapse before that the equipment begins to leak again
(c) Hamilton Inc. would need to raise their prices to consumers if it were to spend two million dollars in one year on repairs
(d) The number of sick days Hamilton's employees take can vary widely from year to year
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